Critics of Roosevelt’s New Deal often liken it to fascism, writes David Gordon. Roosevelt’s numerous defenders dismiss this charge as reactionary propaganda; but as Wolfgang Schivelbusch makes clear in Three New Deals, it is perfectly true. Moreover, it was recognized to be true during the 1930s, by the New Deal’s supporters as well as its opponents. The Nazi press enthusiastically hailed the early New Deal measures. Mussolini, who did not allow his work as dictator to interrupt his prolific journalism, wrote a glowing review of Roosevelt’s Looking Forward.