In the past few years, scholars in the leisure and recreation sphere have begun to make arguments that activities like camping are racist or sexist. This has now leaked into the mainstream. Groups like the Sierra Club publish stories like this: The unbearable whiteness of hiking. Mountain Equipment Co-Op, a Canadian camping goods company, similarly staked the outdoors as a racial battleground to be overcome.
The basic premise is that camping and outdoor activities reflect the same privilege as general society. What’s even more odious about camping for these reformers is its ties directly to colonization, the idea of land as ownable (a commodity), and the eradication of indigenous tribes.
As with many arguments emanating from the social justice left, there are some critical issues in this process. By “taming” the wild, colonists in North America came into conflict with indigenous tribes, eventually displacing them. The early national parks were havens for the rich white urbanites, but were out of reach for the lower classes. There were attempts to appropriate Indigenous cultures as a way to increase travel to these parks. A classic example was the use of local indigenous boys as caddies on the golf course at Jasper National Park in Alberta, in addition to having indigenous performances to entertain the guests at the luxury resort. There is an unseemly past no doubt, but this also conceals the history of the appreciation of nature and its importance in building new societies in North America.
American environmental historian, Roderick Nash, wrote a seminal work exploring the relationship between North American culture and the idea of the wilderness. He argued that, “From the raw materials of the physical wilderness Americans built a civilization; with the idea of symbol of wilderness they sought to give that civilizations identity and meaning.”
The same drive to cement a strong connection between the land and the emerging culture existed in Canada as well. Perhaps to an even greater extent. It didn’t take long for these ideas to be merged into leisure activities. In the late 19th century, both American and Canadian governments created National Parks systems that cordoned nature into managed environments fit for leisure and recreation. People have been packing up to vacation in nature ever since.
From that history, contemporary cultural theorists took it a step too far. They argue that this history makes the outdoors inhospitable to anyone not white, and certainly to those who are not well to do…[ ]